As food.  Birch syrup (k’ii  chų’ (G), k’ii chuu (T)) can be collected for one to two weeks in mid-June.  The syrup, which is used as a topping for pancakes and other foods, is made by boiling down the sap until it thickens.


As medicine.  The buds, which are very sticky, are collected in the spring before they open and then boiled.  Drinking the tea relieves cold symptoms.  The resin which collects on the side of a pot can be used for cuts.



Of all the parts of the spruce tree, some Elders believe the cones make the best medicine (Andre 1995).


People should leave an offering when collecting any part of a tamarack tree.  Caroline Andre of Tsiigehtchic said, “This is real good medicine.  They say you have to pay for it, leave sugar or tea behind.”


Any kind of green willow leaves can be crushed and chewed and applied to insect bites, burns, rashes, aches, cuts and toothaches.

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