Alpine arnica

The flowers of the alpine arnica plant are used to make medicinal tea that is taken for stomach ailments (Andre 1995).

Bear root

The roots may be eaten raw, or some Gwich’in prefer to eat bear root with duck or fish oil.


As food.  Birch syrup (k’ii  chų’ (G), k’ii chuu (T)) can be collected for one to two weeks in mid-June.  The syrup, which is used as a topping for pancakes and other foods, is made by boiling down the sap until it thickens.

Birch and Willow fungus

As insect repellent, pieces of birch or willow fungus were burned on a plate to repel mosquitoes.


They are ready to pick in August and September and are tasty when eaten as is or eaten with other berries.


Either the leaves or the whole bladderwort plant including the roots are made into a tea to treat kidney or bladder infection. The bladderwort and the horsetail plant are used in the same way for bladder ailments.


As a medicinal tea, the stems and leaves of the blueberry plant can be boiled and taken for cold symptoms.


The chamomile plant is used as a relaxant tea. The tea is boiled for only a few minutes and then left to steep. Ruth Welsh said,

“It's a very soothing tea...also used for new mothers that are having problems getting the milk to flow for the baby. You give them the chamomile tea to drink....


Two species of coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus and P. palmatus) plants are in the Gwich’in Settlement Area. They are used as a steam to treat chest conditions such as asthma, congested chest conditions or colds.


Cranberry jam, jelly or syrup can be made by boiling the berries in sugar with water.

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