The leaves of the dogwood plant, also known as red osier dogwood, are crushed and used to treat burns, bee stings and insect bites.  The white and waxy berries of the plant are not used at all.

Dwarf birch

Dwarf birch is widespread in the Gwich’in Settlement Region and is commonly found growing among cranberries and alders (red willow) on muskeg.

Labrador tea - dwarf

Muskeg tea is considered good for children and is known to be a relaxant and high in vitamin C.

Labrador tea - tall

All of the above ground parts of the Labrador (muskeg) tea plant are used to make a relaxant tea.  The dwarf labrador plant, with its smaller leaves, is more aromatic than the tall labrador plant as a tea.

Red willow (alder)

Drinking the liquid, or rubbing it directly on the affected area, will soothe stiff and aching joints.

Wild rose

As food.  After the showy pink flowers bloom in June and July, the fruit develop into red berries called rose hips.  The red berries are best picked and eaten when they are ripe in August and September.


Any kind of green willow leaves can be crushed and chewed and applied to insect bites, burns, rashes, aches, cuts and toothaches.

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