Moss (sphagnum moss)

As shelter. Moss was often used to chink log house walls and roofs, and to bank the sides of tents against the wind.


Of all the parts of the spruce tree, some Elders believe the cones make the best medicine (Andre 1995).


Any kind of green willow leaves can be crushed and chewed and applied to insect bites, burns, rashes, aches, cuts and toothaches.

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