Shelter

Moss (sphagnum moss)

As shelter. Moss was often used to chink log house walls and roofs, and to bank the sides of tents against the wind.

Spruce

Of all the parts of the spruce tree, some Elders believe the cones make the best medicine (Andre 1995).

Willow

Any kind of green willow leaves can be crushed and chewed and applied to insect bites, burns, rashes, aches, cuts and toothaches.

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